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Covers - Inbound

Items added: 11 Sept 2021

The only indication as to the volume of mail handled by the British Post Office at the Consulate is from the summary of the meeting to discuss temporary postal arrangements held on 5 February 1885. The data presented by the postmaster indicates that in the year 1884, about 11,000 letters were dispatched plus 2,500 newspapers. As for incoming mail there were approximately 12,500 letters and 16,200 newspapers.

Here I document covers inbound to Bangkok between 1855 and 1885. In my book I have not done so. My only explanation is that most collectors and those that exhibit the British Consulate Post Office have concentrated on the outgoing mail.

Items are listed in the table below are by the date of mailing. Each item is given a number. Clicking on an item's number in the left column will jump to its image below. Note the images blow are in numerical order not date order.

Any receiving marks mentioned by the source are noted in an attempt to study several questions:
  • Some maintained that the Bangkok CDS (1883 to 1885) found on some Straits Settlements and Hong Kong issues was applied on uncancelled stamps that arrived at the post office. Is there any evidence to support this?
  • Mail for Bangkok coming through London was to be sent in a sealed bag for deliver to Bangkok. Can a study of these covers prove that?
  • How else did mail arrive at Bangkok?


Item Mailed From CountrySingapore transit
markings
Remarks
IN-0268 Nov 1858New Haven, ConnecticutUSANILEndorsed: Overland Via Southhamton & Singapore. London Paid transit
Boston Br. Pkt (9 Nov)  On reverse: docketed received 16 Jan 1860
Schuyler Rumsey Philatelic Auctions Dec 14-17, 2020 Sale 94 Lot 1174
IN-02714 Dec 1858New Haven ConnecticutUSANILEndorsed: via Southampton & Singapore Boston Br. Pkt (Dec 15)
London Paid (12.27) transit. Docketed: received 28 Feb 1859 on reverse
[Schuyler Rumsey Philatelic Auctions Dec 12, 2015 Sale 63 Lot 1207]
IN-001 8 March 1859 New Haven Connecticut USANIL London transit CDS 21 March 1859
Heinrich Koehler 21 March 2017 Lot 8014E. Knecht the chancellor of French Consulate
IN-002 12 May 1862 Singapore SingaporeSingapore Shipletter Peter C. Preuss exhibit. Cover to Dr. Bradley
IN-03524 Nov 1865SingaporeSingaporeSingapore ShipletterSPINK Auction 1015, lot 1128
IN-00331 March 1867ViennaAustriaNILChristoph Gärtner 6th/7th Dec 2006: lot 1452
IN-00412 Nov 1867New YorkUSANew YorkReceived 15 Jan 1868
Christoph Gärtner 27th MARCH 2008: Lot 15052
IN-0131870Hong KongHong Kong18 July 1870Source: John Lancaster
IN-006 21 Feb 1871 Hong Kong Hong Kong27 Feb 1871 Interasia Jun 26, 2016 lot 4296
IN-00521 April 1871SingaporeSingaporeN/AChristoph Gärtner 6th/10th JUNE 2011 Lot: 2286v
IN-00717 July 1871Hong KongHong KongNILChristoph Gärtner 28th/30th May 2008 Lot 1636
IN-0081 July 1873Gare de CompeigneFranceNILChristoph Gärtner June 16, 2017 lot 6538
IN-029
25 Sept 1873
Gare de Compeigne FranceNIL
LUGDUNUM AUCTION sale 118 21 June 2021 lot 745
IN-009 15 Jan 1874 Gare de Compeigne France18 Feb 1874 LUGDUNUM 150th Auction 08 April 2018 Lot 214
IN-010 2 March 1874 Gare de Compeigne France14 April 1874 Christoph Gärtner 25th January 2013: Lot: 2687
IN-011 5 June 1874 Gare de Compeigne FranceNIL Corinphila Auction 220 Nov 22, 2017
IN-0378 Oct 1874Gare de CompeigneFrance9 Nov 1874LUGDUNUM #119 Auction 4 Oct 2021 lot 647
IN-012 13 August 1875 Gare de Compeigne France11 Sept 1875 LUGDUNUM #106 June 2018: lot 740
IN-0316 Nov 1875Gare de CompeigneFrance9 Dec 1875LUGDUNUM #117 March 2021
IN-02820 June 1876Gare de CompeigneFrance28 July 1876EUR-SEREE Collecting Co. Ltd.  auction #58, 3-4 April 2021 Lot 144
IN-03619 April 1877Gare de CompeigneFrance21 May 1877LUGDUNUM on delcampe.net September 2021
IN-0303 May 1877Gare de CompeigneFrance4 June 1877LUGDUNUM #117 March 2021
15 April 1882 - The first shipment of "Bs"
Earliest us of the BANGKOK CDS thus far is 21 June 1883
IN-014 7 June 1883 Altona Germany4 July 1883 Christoph Gärtner 25th January 2013 Lot: 2688
IN-015 1883 Leavenworth, Kansas USAJuly 1883 Christoph Gärtner 19th - 23rd Feb. 2018 Lot: 7970
IN-03322 Oct 1883New YorkUSA?Rumsey sale #66 March 19, 2016 part of Lot 1157
IN-016 30 Jan 1884 New York USANIL Christoph Gärtner 4 Auktion 11-14 Sept 2007 Lot 2353
IN-0349 Feb 1884New YorkUSARumsey sale #66 March 19, 2016 part of Lot 1157
IN-017 15 Feb 1884 New York USANIL Christoph Gärtner 4 Auktion 11-14 Sept 2007 Lot 2354
IN-018 15 March 1884 Trieste Italy13 April 1884 Christoph Gärtner 6th/10th June 2011 Lot: 2287
IN-03229 May 1884New YorkUSANILRumsey Sale 44, April 28 - May 1, 2011,  lot 1507
IN-019 6 Sept 1884 Trieste ItalyNIL Christoph Gärtner Aug/Sept 2011: Lot: 2355
IN-020 27 Nov 1884 Edinburgh ScotlandNIL Antonio Torres
IN-021 11 Dec 1884 Aldershot Great BritainNIL Source: John Lancaster
IN-02520 Dec 1884TriesteItalyNILFilatelia Sammarinese 28-29 May 2021 Lot 1992
IN-023 4 Jan 1885 Trieste Italy15 Feb 1885 Soler y Llach Sale 498
IN-024 10 Jan 1885 Trieste Italy? ? 1885 43th Viennafil Auction 26 Feb 2018 Lot 30689
IN-02230 March 1885FlorenceItaly? ? 1885Filatelia Sammarinese 27 Jan 2018 Lot 1660



IN-001

1859-March-8

8 March 1859

Cover from New Haven Connecticut to Mrs. Dr. Samuel House.
The stamps over payed the 33¢ rate for a 1/2 oz letter via Southampton.
London transit CDS 21 March 1859

[Heinrich Koehler Mar 21, 2017 Lot 8014]

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IN-002

IN-002 IN-002a

12 May 1862



Entire letter from Behn, Meyers & Co, in Singapore.
The letter is addressed to the missionary Dr.Dan B. Bradley.
 On reverse is a boxed "Singapore shipletter".
Manuscript: steamer "Chao Phya".
[Peter C. Preuss exhibit.]


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IN-003

IN-003

31 March 1867

Printed matter face from Vienna, Austria over Aachen and London.
London Paid
+ P.P.
[Christoph Gärtner 6th/7th Dec 2006: lot 1452]

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IN-004

IN-004

12 November 1867

Mourning Cover.
Received 15 Jan 1868.
Endorsed "via Southampton"
 Red "N.York Br. Pkt. Nov 13" CDS, red "48" credit, red "London 23 No 67" transit.
Red double-circle date stamp on back.
Ex Gibsen collection (sold 1944) and Paliafito collection.
[Christoph Gärtner 27th March 2008: Lot 15052]


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IN-005

IN-005

21 April 1871
[Seems manuscript in error 21/2/71]
To: M.D. Cama Esq.

From: Singapore.
Per Steamer Bangkok.
Cancelled Singapore 21 April 1871. [Christoph Gärtner 6th/10th JUNE 2011 Lot: 2286]

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IN-006

IN-006

21 February 1871


To: Rev. Samuel R. House M.D. for his wife.
From Hong Kong.
SINGAPORE 27 February 1871 CDS on reverse.

Ex. Mick Goldsmith collection.

[Interasia Auction June 26, 2016 lot 4296]


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IN-007

IN-007  IN-007a

17 July 1871

To: D.J. Cama Esq
Per Steamer Luzon?
From: Hong Kong.
Hong Kong 17 July 1871 departure CDS on reverse.
[Christoph Gärtner 28th/30th May 2008 Lot 1636]

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IN-008

IN-008  IN-008a

1 July 1873

To: E. Knecht the chancellor of French Consulate
From: Gare de Compiégne, France.
Via Brindisi.
SINGAPORE transit CDS 3 August 1873.
[Christoph Gärtner June 16, 2017 lot 6538]

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IN-009

 
IN009 IN-009a

 15 January 1874

To: E. Knecht the chancellor of French Consulate
From: Gare de Compiégne, France.
SINGAPORE CDS 18 Feb 1874 on reverse
[LUGDUNUM 150th Auction 08 April 2018 Lot 214]
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IN-010

IN-010


2 March 1874


To: E. Knecht the chancellor of French Consulate
From: Gare de Compiégne, France.
 On reverse transit "SINGAPORE A AP 14 74".
[Christoph Gärtner 25th January 2013: Lot: 2687]


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IN-011

IN-011

5 June 1874

To: E. Knecht the chancellor of French Consulate
From: Gare de Compeigne, France
P.P.
On reverse: Bordeaux a Paris CDS & Pais /
Étranger CDS
No receiving mark at Bangkok
[Corinphila Auction 220 Nov 22, 2017]


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IN-012


 IN-012  IN-012a

13 August 1875

To: E. Knecht, chancellor of French Consulate
GARE DE COMPIEGNE, FRANCE CDS.
SINGAPORE PAID 11 September 1875 on reverse.
[LUGDUNUM AUCTION N°106 6 June 2018 lot 740]

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IN-013

IN-013

1870

To: Boreno Company Limited
From: Hong Kong
A front forwared by John Burd & Co. of Hong Kong to the Boreno Company's  Singapore office for transmission to Bangkok.
SINGAPORE date stamp 18 July 1870
[John Lancaster]

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IN-014

IN-014

7 June 1883

To: Gustave Falck.
From:  Altona, Germany.

On reverse transits: ""NAPOLI PORTO 12 6 - 83",  "BRINDISI".

On reverse red "SINGAPORE PAID JY 4 83.

 [Christoph Gärtner 25th January 2013 Lot: 2688]

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IN-015

IN-015

1883

A mounring cover.
To: General Halderman the U.S. Minister at Bangkok
From: Levenworth, Kansas, USA
By way of England, Naples and Singapore.
On revers: Napoli
(7.6.83) and Singapore (PAID JY 4 83) July transit CDS.
No arrival date stamp upon arrival at the Bangkok P.O.
Ex. Gibson.
[Christoph Gärtner 19th - 23rd Feb. 2018 Lot: 7970]

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IN-016

IN-016

30 January 1884

To: Mrs. Charlmers Martin, c/o Rev. N.A. Macdonald
From: New York, USA
Per British mail via Brindisi

[Christoph Gärtner 4 Auktion 11-14 Sept 2007 Lot 2353]


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IN-017

IN-017

 15 February 1884

To: Mrs. Charlmers Martin, c/o Rev. N.A. Macdonald
From: New York, USA
On reverse San Francisco handstamp (2.22)

[[Rumsey Sale 91, Dec 12-13, 2019,  lot 1688]
[Christoph Gärtner 4 Auktion 11-14 Sept 2007 Lot 2354]



IN-018

IN-018

15 March 1884

To: Messers Gioachino Grassi.
From: Triest, Italy.
TRIESTE CDS 15/3 84.
On the reverse transits NAPOLI and BRINDISI both 17 May 1884.
On reverse SINGAPORE PAID AP 13 84 in vermilion.
[Christoph Gärtner 6th/10th June 2011 Lot: 2287]

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IN-019

IN-019

6 September 1884

To:  Messers Gioachino Grassi.
From: Triest, Italy.
'MISSENT TO / SAN FRANCISCO'
Transit marks on reverse incl. Udine (7.9.), Brindisi (8.9. and 20.9.), Napoli (11.9.) and San Francisco (4.12.)

[Christoph Gärtner Aug/Sept 2011: Lot: 2355]

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IN-020

IN-020

27 November 1884

To: J.H. Davidson, c/o Windsor, Clark & Co.
From: Edinburgh, Scotland
[Antonio Torres]


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IN-021

IN-021

11 December 1884

To: J.H. Davidson, c/o Windsor Clark & Co.
From: Aldershot, GB
No arrival date stamp of the3 Bangkok Post Office.
[John Lncaster]


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IN-022

IN-022

30 March 1885

To: Gioachino Grassi.
From: Florence, Italy.
[Filatelia Sammarinese 27 January 2018 Lot 1660]

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IN-023

IN-023  IN-023a

4 Jan 1885

To: Gioachino Grassi.
From: Triest, Italy
Via Suez manuscript
On reverse Napoli CDS.
On reverse SINGAPORE 15 Ferburay 1885 CDS.
[Soler y Llach Sale 498]


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IN-024

IN-024

10 January 1885

To: Gioachino Grassi.
From: Triest, Italy
On reverse handstamped Brindisi, Aden and Singapore.
[43th Viennafil Auction 26 Feb 2018 Lot 30689]


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IN-025

IN-025

20 December 1884

To: Gioachino Grassi.
From: Triest, Italy
[Filatelia Sammarinese 28-29 May 2021 Lot 1992]


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IN-026

IN-026

8 November 1858

To: Mrs. Samuel R. House
From: New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Endosed: Overland Via Southhamton & Singapore.
London Paid transit
Boston Br. Pkt (9 Nov)
On reverse: docketed received 16 Jan 1860
[Schuyler Rumsey Philatelic Auctions Dec 14-17, 2020 Sale 94 Lot 1174]

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IN-027

IN-027

14 December 1858

To: Mrs. Samuel R. House
From:New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Endorsed: via Southampton & Singapore
Boston Br. Pkt (Dec 15)
London Paid (12.27) transit
Docketed: recived 28 Feb 1859 on reverse
[Schuyler Rumsey Philatelic Auctions Dec 12, 2015 Sale 63 Lot 1207]


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IN-028

IN-028

20 June 1876

To: E. Knecht the chancellor of French Consulate
From: Gare de Compeigne, France
P.P. & P.D. in red
On reverse: Paris Étranger CDS (30 June 76) & SINGAPORE PAID CDS (28 July 76).
[EUR-SEREE auction #58 3-4 April 2021 Lot 144]

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IN-029

IN-029  IN-029a

25 September 1873

To: E. Knecht the chancellor of French Consulate
From: Gare de Compeigne, France
P.P. & P.D. in red
On reverse: Paris Étranger CDS (26 Sept 1873)
[LUGDUNUM AUCTION sale 118 21 June 2021 lot 745
]

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IN-030

IN-030  IN-030a

3 May 1877

To: E. Knecht the chancellor of French Consulate
From: Gare de Compeigne, France
On reverse: Paris Étranger CDS (4 May 1877)
On reverse: SINGAPORE arrival CDS (3 June 1877)
[LUGDUNUM AUCTION
sale 117 29 March 2021]

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IN-031

IN-031  IN-031a

6 November 1875

To: E. Knecht the chancellor of French Consulate
From: Gare de Compeigne, France
P.P. red
On reverse: Paris Étranger CDS (? May 1875)
On reverse: SINGAPORE arrival CDS (9 Dec 1875)
[LUGDUNUM AUCTION 29 March 2021, sale 117
]

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IN-032

IN-032

29 May 1884

TO: Mrs. Charlmers Martin, c/o Rev. N.A. Macdonald
From: New York, USA
On reverse: San Francisco CDS (6.4)
[Rumsey Sale 44, April 28 - May 1, 2011,  lot 1507]


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IN-033

IN-033

22 Oct 1883

To:  Rev. Rev. Chalmus Martin, care Rev. A.N. McDonald, Bangkok, Siam Note 1
From: Lalance & Grosjean Mfg. Co., New York, USA
Per S.S. Oregon
Manuscript "Via England"
On reverse: New York (Oct 23 F.D.), Brindisi (11.8), Napoli (11.10) and red Singapore Paid transits
[Rumsey sale #66 March 19, 2016 part of Lot 1157]


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IN-034

IN-034

9 February 1884

To:  Rev. Chalmus Martin, care Rev. A.N. McDonald, Bangkok, Siam see Note 1
From: Lalance & Grosjean Mfg. Co. of New York, USA
On reverse: New York (Feb 9 F.D.)
[Rumsey sale #66 March 19, 2016 part of Lot 1157
]

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IN-035

IN-035

24 November 1865

To: Rev. Dan Beach Bradley
From: Singapore
Per Chow Phya
On reverse: SINGAPORE SHIP LETTER/PAID date stamp in red
Can someone idetify the blue firm chop?
[SPINK Auction 1015, lot 1128]

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IN-036

IN-036.jpg

19 April 1877


To: E. Knecht the chancellor of French Consulate
From: Gare de Compeigne, France
On reverse: Paris Étranger CDS (20 April 1877)
On reverse: SINGAPORE arrival CDS (21 May 1877)
[LUGDUNUM AUCTION on delcampe.net September 2021
]

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IN-037


IN-037.jpg

8 October 1874

To: E. Knecht the chancellor of French Consulate
From: Gare de Compeigne, France
On reverse: Paris Étranger CDS 9 Oct 1874)
On reverse: SINGAPORE arrival CDS (9 Nov 1874)
[LUGDUNUM AUCTION
Auction #119 on 4 Oct 2021 lot 647]

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Notes:

Note 1:  
Rev. and Mrs. Chalmus Martin joined the Laos Mission located at Chiangmai at the end of 1883. They had to leave in 1886 because of a life threatening illness to him. These covers must have been among the last to travel via the Bangkok route. Lalance & Grosjean were important manufacturers of porcelain covered iron cookware. In April 1884, a British consul was appointed to Chiangmai. Mail was then routed via Moulmein, Burma instead of the uncertain Bangkok route. It took six weeks to four months to go from Bangkok to Chiangmai, depending on the water level of the river.

Chiangmal was the major center of the Kingdom of Chiangmai in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Kingdom was one of the successors of medieval Lanna Kingdom that had been under Burmese rule for two centuries until it was captured by Siamese forces under Taksin of Thonburi in 1774. Inthawichayanon (1871-1884) was the last King of Chiangmai when it was annexed by Siam in 1884. These two covers actually arrived while the Kingdom of Chiangmai was still independent. 

Source: Rumsey sale #66 March 19, 2016 Lot 1157



Sources: